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Original Research Paper

Laboratory orientation programme for interns, a need based training to enhance patient care

Authors:

S. Kumaran ,

Chennai Medical College Hospital & Research Centre (SRM Group), Irungalur, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, IN
About S.
Department of Biochemistry

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K. Ponniraivan,

Chennai Medical College Hospital & Research Centre (SRM Group), Irungalur, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, IN
About K.
Department of Biochemistry
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T. Velayutharaj,

Chennai Medical College Hospital & Research Centre (SRM Group), Irungalur, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, IN
About T.
Department of Biochemistry
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N. L. Sundhararajan

Chennai Medical College Hospital & Research Centre (SRM Group), Irungalur, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, IN
About N. L.
Department of Biochemistry
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Abstract

Laboratory errors are classified as pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical errors. It has been well documented that pre-analytical errors contribute to the majority of laboratory errors. Pre-analytical errors can occur in association with any process during sample collection and processing. It was found that pre-analytical errors occur at the hands of interns owing to their lack of adequate knowledge on pre-analytical procedures and processing. Adequate training of interns to provide basic scientific knowledge on laboratory issues and technical skills will enhance the quality of reports issued. The present study was conducted at Chennai Medical College and Research Centre, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India. Thirty six newly recruited interns were included in the study. Standard questionnaires were developed to evaluate technical skills; a pre-test was conducted to assess basic knowledge on laboratory issues. The laboratory orientation programme conducted by faculty of the clinical biochemistry department included lectures on sample collection, pre-analytical errors, reference ranges and critical alert values. This was followed by a post test, conducted to assess the impact of training. There was a significant (p <.001) improvement in the performance of interns in the post test (mean score: 17.61± 2.3) when compared with the pre-test (mean: 10.75± 1.4). This shows that there was a lacuna among the interns regarding the basics of laboratory methods before the training and the training programme has improved their knowledge in laboratory medicine. The laboratory orientation programme for all interns involved in the pre-analytical phase will strengthen their knowledge and skills which will enhance issuing of quality, error free reports.
How to Cite: Kumaran, S., Ponniraivan, K., Velayutharaj, T. and Sundhararajan, N.L., 2015. Laboratory orientation programme for interns, a need based training to enhance patient care. South-East Asian Journal of Medical Education, 9(2), pp.56–58. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/seajme.v9i2.85
Published on 28 Dec 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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