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Original Research Paper

Job Stress among female residents during postgraduate training at a university hospital in Karachi, Pakistan

Authors:

M. Hashmi ,

Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, 3500, Karachi 74800, PK
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F. A. Khan,

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, PK
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S. Khan,

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, PK
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S. K. Ali

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, PK
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Abstract

Background: Postgraduate medical training is a stressful experience for both male and female doctors but previous studies have shown that stress might be more prevalent amongst female residents. Since women make up 70-80% of medical graduates in Pakistan we conducted this study to determine the prevalence of stress among female residents during postgraduate training and identify the most common stressors.

 

Methodology: All female residents enrolled in postgraduate training programmes at the Aga Khan University meeting the inclusion criteria were recruited and informed written consent was obtained. Job Stress Inventory (JSI) was used to identify symptoms and sources of job stress. A cut-off value of >25 was used to indicate job stress.

 

Results: A total of 154 female residents met the inclusion criteria. The response rate of the survey was 77%. Sixty one residents scored 26 or more on the JSI, indicating the presence of job stress. The three most common causes cited for job stress were, lack of control, environmental factors and workplace politics.

 

Conclusion: Our study indicates a high prevalence of stress among female residents, independent of the marital status, number of children, the chosen specialty or the level of training. We suggest that programme directors and supervising faculty acknowledge the need for change in the training programmes refraining from favoritism and the need for politics towards constructive feedback based on merit and hard work and allow the residents to have more control over their working environment.
How to Cite: Hashmi, M., Khan, F.A., Khan, S. and Ali, S.K., 2015. Job Stress among female residents during postgraduate training at a university hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. South-East Asian Journal of Medical Education, 9(2), pp.22–27. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/seajme.v9i2.79
Published on 28 Dec 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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