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Original Research Paper

Learning styles of medical students


Seema Daud ,

Department of Medical Education & Educational Research, PK
About Seema

Chairperson, Medical Education Committee

Head, Department of Community Medicine Director

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Rootaba Kashif,

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, PK
About Rootaba
Senior Lecturer
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Abdul Majeed Chaudhry

Department of Surgery Lahore Medical & Dental College, Lahore, PK
About Abdul Majeed
Principal & Head

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Introduction: Knowledge of learning styles of the students helps educators to address various needs of learners. Study objective was to determine learning styles of undergraduate medical students.


Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted at Lahore Medical & Dental College (LMDC), Lahore, between January and March 2011 among students from first to fourth year MBBS classes using an online VARK inventory. Additional information was obtained using a structured questionnaire. Data was analysed using SPSS version 16 computer package. Chi square test was applied for association and statistical significance was determined with p ≤0.05 as the cut-off point.


Results: Among the 338 study participants, 61% were females, 63% were between the age groups 20-23 years and 78% had done FSc. Each class representation was 1st year (26%), 2nd year (25%), 3rd year (29%) and 4th year (20%). Most students depicted multimodal learning style (69%). The preferred unimodal styles were aural (14%) and kinesthetic (12%). In different combinations, the favoured learning modes were kinesthetic (70%), read/write (60%), aural (57%) and visual (55%). Around 89% of ―A‖ level students, compared with 66% of those who had done FSc were multimodal (p=0.002). The preference for multiple learning modes increased with the transition from pre-clinical first and second years to the clinical third and fourth years (p= 0.006).


Conclusion: Medical students prefer multiple variety of information transfer. For a better impact, learning style diversity can be converted into appropriate teaching and learning methods that enable more students to attain success.
How to Cite: Daud, S., Kashif, R. and Chaudhry, A.M., 2014. Learning styles of medical students. South-East Asian Journal of Medical Education, 8(1), pp.40–46. DOI:
Published on 23 Jun 2014.
Peer Reviewed


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