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A review on Applications of Principles of Medical Ethics in the Practice of Surgery

Authors:

K.K. Shaha ,

Department of Forensic Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, IN
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A.P. Patra,

Department of Forensic Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, IN
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V.A. Chaudhari,

Department of Forensic Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, IN
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S. Das,

Department of Forensic Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, IN
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S.K. Das

Department of Forensic Medicine, AIIMS, Raipur, IN
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Abstract

This review article is based on concepts of medical ethics related to the day-to-day practice of surgery. Over the last two decades, with the development of advanced surgical methods, robotic surgeries, or telesurgeries, etc. there is increased reporting of associated ethical issues as well. Nevertheless, the ethical issues encountered by surgeons are reasonably different and critical when compared to what physicians face during their practice. There are extensive deontology literatures available for physicians while the same is not available sufficiently for surgeons. In this review, we have discussed the common queries asked by practicing surgeons who had faced medico-legal litigation and had come to us for consultation. This discussion is made in the light of comparison with ethical issued faced by practicing physicians. In the practice of medicine just fulfilling the basic ethical requirements, e.g. autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, is often sufficient. However, for surgical practice the ethical requirement is beyond the level of such basic deontological requirements. Hence, in this paper we have tried to search and discuss all deontological dimensions of surgical practice, e.g. Normative ethics: concerned with a moral course of action for a surgical practice, Meta-ethics: concerning determining the truth and reference of moral values, and the Applied ethics: concerning what a person is obligated to do in a specific situation or a particular domain of action. Hopefully, these will be useful to guide the surgeons' behaviours in particular circumstances encountered during their surgical practice.

How to Cite: Shaha, K.K., Patra, A.P., Chaudhari, V.A., Das, S. and Das, S.K., 2018. A review on Applications of Principles of Medical Ethics in the Practice of Surgery. South-East Asian Journal of Medical Education, 12(1), pp.13–18. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/seajme.v12i1.37
Published on 24 Aug 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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